ERIC Number: ED221858
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Writer-Based Prose, Creativity Research, and Protocol Analysis.
Collier, Richard M.
An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that recent theories connecting creative problem solving with cerebral specialization might explain why some writers compose much more effectively than others. Specifically, the experiment was designed to find ways composition teachers can help students to transform writer-based prose into reader-based prose. Ten subjects were involved, two as controls and eight as active participants, four experienced and four inexperienced writers. They wrote for an hour and fifteen minutes while producing a thinking-aloud protocol that was taped, transcribed, and carefully analyzed. An attempt to chart the protocol's data on flexibility and persistence according to left hemisphere/right hemisphere analogs produced incongruity until it became clear that there were actually two flexibility sets and two persistence sets interacting with hemispheric activity. This finding produced a model of four separate, more-or-less effective composing/problem solving processes, based on the various combination of these sets. These results suggest several pieces of practical advice for composition teachers concerning, among other things, heuristics, framing techniques, meditation, and autobiographical and expressive prose. (Several charts and graphs are included.) (JL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Protocol Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (33rd, San Francisco, CA, March 18-20, 1982).