ERIC Number: ED221836
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Application of Culturally Relevant Factors to Literacy Programs in Appalachia.
The children of Appalachia, a region characterized by a strong oral tradition, are constantly defining their roles in their society through language. In so doing they are contributing to the maintenance of the patterns of life in that society. Children observe the functional uses of story at a very early age, and narratives emphasize group affiliation. When personal narratives are excluded in educational settings, the implication is that the students do not comprise a group. Teachers who tell stories but do not allow the pupils to tell them, or who exclude narratives altogether, may be weakening their effectiveness or attempting to teach new subject matter in an unfamiliar mode of learning. Since Appalachian children have a well-developed sense of story, their teachers should incorporate activities that allow this strength to shine. The class might collaborate on tape recording a story or play, or follow the Foxfire concept of recording the oral traditions and histories of their communities. The ballads of Appalachia may also be studied from a literary point of view because they are well-developed accounts that demonstrate the human condition as well as individual strengths. The learning of literacy can only be accomplished in contexts as meaningful and as joyful as those which nurtured an individual's oral language acquisition. (HTH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (27th, Chicago, IL, April 26-30, 1982).