ERIC Number: ED221796
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr-15
Reference Count: 0
Social Anxiety, Situational Variability, and the Self-Monitoring Scale.
Gabrenya, William K., Jr.
Growing interest in self-presentation has spawned several examinations of individual differences in the tendency to manage one's impressions, notably Snyder's attempt to identify skilled impression managers through self-monitoring and an associated monitoring device, the Self-Monitoring Scale (SMS). To further examine the SMS, factor analyses were conducted and revealed a factor that could be interpreted as tapping social anxiety. This factor caused persons identified as high or low self-monitors on the basis of extreme score selection criteria to be low and high, respectively, in social anxiety. Four experiments demonstrated that social anxiety may account for low self-monitors' self presentational behaviors in highly socially evaluative situations. These findings indicate that the confounding of self-monitoring and social anxiety in the SMS may lead to ambiguous interpretations of research findings. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Monitoring Scales (Snyder); Self Presentations
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (53rd, Baltimore, MD, April 15-18, 1982).