ERIC Number: ED221774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Therapist Self-Disclosure and Age on Elderly Client Disclosure.
Somervill, Christine Z.
There is a growing recognition of the importance of counseling for the elderly. However, the effectiveness of various therapeutic techniques with a geriatric population has yet to be determined. Age of the therapist as a potential variable affecting self-disclosing behavior was assessed to determine the effect of counselor self-disclosure on client self-disclosure. Subjects were 60 female geriatric patients who viewed 1 of 6 videotapes in which the age of the counselor and amount of self-disclosure was varied. With one exception, the prediction that a subject's self-disclosing behavior would be differentially affected by the therapist's age or the level of self-disclosure was unsupported by the data. Subsequent interviews did reveal, however, that therapist age was significant when the subject was allowed to choose the topic of discussion. The findings suggest that older adults tend to disclose at a higher level when interviewed by a therapist of their relative age. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Disclosure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980).