ERIC Number: ED221607
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Three Years of Participation in a Primary Prevention Program on Elementary School Students.
Schaeffer, Gary A.; And Others
A primary school drug abuse prevention program was evaluated. The program consisted of 2 years of Magic Circle on the Human Development Program (designed to positively influence students' social and emotional development via a teacher-led discussion of a particular topic) and 1 year of Jigsaw (a structured peer teaching method in which students teach part of the regular curriculum to fellow students). Student outcome variables included attitudes, norms, and behaviors regarding self, peers, school, and drugs. Data were obtained with the Self Observation Scales; a developed Student Questionnaire; a drug-related My Opinion Survey; the total reading and total mathematics stanine scores from the Stanford Achievement Test, Intermediate Level I; student attendance; and teacher ratings of student misbehavior. The 65 experimental and 98 control students were in the fifth grade at the study's end. No effects for boys but negative effects for girls were found on cooperative classroom climate, math achievement, and involvement in marijuana use. The lack of positive effects was consistent with earlier reports that found no pattern of effects for Magic Circle and Jigsaw when they were evaluated independently. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Pacific Inst. for Research and Evaluation, Napa, CA.
Identifiers: Human Development Program; Jigsaw Method; Magic Circle; My Opinion Survey; Self Observation Scale (Katzenmeyer and Stenner); Stanford Achievement Tests