ERIC Number: ED221575
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Social Responsibility in Sex Difference Research.
Jayaratne, Toby Epstein; Kaczala, Caroline
Traditional sex difference research ignores the impact of social forces on the research process. It characteristically interprets sex differences as female deficiencies, also emphasizing the view of sex differences as determined by personal characteristics rather than situational contexts. Since research is a social process with a potentially powerful social impact, an awareness of the impact of cultural values on the process and an understanding of the political nature of research work are essential. Values too often bias the research product. A statement of the research problem is often restricted by social context and past theory. Researchers must reject the "deficit hypothesis" as a guide to research questions and must emphasize, when appropriate, situation-centered orientations to research, as opposed to person-centered activities. Cultural biases often result in the use of improper methods which support the false findings of sex differences. Research design must show an awareness of the impact of sex-related situational factors within the experiment. Most impact from research stems from the researcher's results, discussion, and/or conclusions, with little attention paid to methods which are of primary importance in assessing accuracy of findings. Researchers can minimize misinterpretation by careful presentations and by monitoring and correcting misinterpretations of their work. (PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Research Results
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (66th, New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).