ERIC Number: ED221419
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb-12
Reference Count: 0
Allan Kownslar and the New Social Studies.
Earle, David D.
An examination of the secondary social studies textbooks written by Allan O. Kownslar from 1967 to 1980 reflects several of the major themes that have shaped social studies education since the sixties. The paper briefly surveys the political and pedagogical events that stimulated the proliferation of social studies curriculum projects in the 1960s. Then it examines Kownslar's work in detail. Criticism of the social studies curriculum in the 1950s and the early 1960s led to the creation of a number of social studies curriculum projects advocating a social science centered, inquiry approach to social studies and history. Kownslar's first major text, "Discovering American History" (1967), was written in the style of the project materials, emphasizing inquiry skills. However, over the years his texts changed to incorporate features to enhance the relevance of history and government for students and to foster their mastery of basic academic skills. A transition from scientific inquiry to basic information mixed with more reflected inquiry can be detected. His more recent texts appealed to the eclecticism in teachers. For example, "The Americans" (1970), reflected a growing sensitivity to the problems of the poor and the minority groups in the 1960s. In his seventh grade Texas history text "The Texans," he combined features of both traditional and inquiry texts. Although the text, "People and Our World" did contain a number of inquiry oriented features, teachers could use entirely traditional methods with the text. The same could be said about Kownslar's most recent text "American Government" (1980). (RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Kownslar (Allan O); New Social Studies
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Austin, TX, February, 1982).