ERIC Number: ED221418
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
African Historical Religions: A Conceptual and Ethnical Foundation for "Western Religions."
Alexander, E. Curtis
This paper attempts to set the record straight with regard to the following assumptions: (1) the Africans of the antiquities of Ethiopia and Egypt were black people; and (2) the same black people developed the foundation that provides the basis for the so-called major Western religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. There are two parts to the paper. First, the ethnic origins of the inhabitants who created the first systems of religious thought are examined. The author cites the writings of historians to show "that an imaginative and superstitious race of black men invented and founded, in the dim obscurity of past ages, a system of religious belief that still enthralls the minds and clouds the intellect of the leading representatives of modern theology." The second part of the paper explores the conceptual and ethical foundations of Western religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have a Torahic tradition. The laws or ethical code that serves as a guiding light for Western religions was called by the Africans of antiquity the "Negative Confessions." Examples of the similarities between the "Ten Commandments" and the "Negative Confessions" are provided. Next the paper looks at the Osirian religious system and its similarities to Christianity. For example, the Osirian religion taught that Osiris was the father of Horus, who was born of the virgin mother Isis. Also, the doctrines of incarnation, salvation, and resurrection were integral to ancient Egyptian religion. (RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: ECA Associates, Chesapeake, VA.
Note: Paper delivered at the Annual Symposium in the Humanities - "Africa and the West: The Challenge of African Humanism" (2nd Columbus, OH, May 27-29, 1982).