ERIC Number: ED221282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Sandtray Play: Children's Fantasy Play and Parental Caregiving Perceptions.
Volcani, Yanon; And Others
Children's fantasy play as elicited by the Sandtray Technique (Lowenfeld Word View Technique) was measured on various structural and process dimensions theoretically related to psychosocial functioning. The association between these fantasy dimensions and parents' perceptions of their own caregiving behaviors was also examined. Ten Caucasian boys, ages 7 to 9 and living in upper-middle class two-parent families, participated in the study, along with their parents. After being informed that he or she would be videotaped, each child was shown the Sandtray objects and instructed to build whatever he or she would like with the toys. Videotapes of the sessions were then analyzed for the presence or absence of nine dimensions of fantasy play that best discriminated high and low psychosocial functioning in children: benevolence, adequacy, assertion, construction, dominance, propensity for imagination, aggression, dependence, and submission. Parents' perceptions of their caregiver behaviors were assessed using the Child Reaching Concerns and Practices Inventory and a revised version of Schaeffer's (1965) Children's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory. Results revealed that the children's play was predominantly characterized by aggression. Several relationships were found between the children's Sandtray constructions and parental perceptions of their own caregiving behaviors. For example, mothers' reports of fostering autonomy were positively related to children's dominance and assertion fantasy behaviors. Copies of the measures used throughout the study are appended. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Psychosocial Development
Note: Filmed from best available copy. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).