ERIC Number: ED221134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
1981 Doctorate Recipients from United States Universities. Summary Report.
Syverson, Peter D.
Results of the 1980-81 Survey of Earned Doctorates, conducted by the National Research Council, are summarized in tabular, graphic, and narrative form. Research and applied-research degrees are included, but professional degrees are not. Highlights include these: total doctorates awarded were 31,319, 1 percent increase from the previous year; the proportion awarded to women increased from 30.3 to 31.5 percent, continuing a trend begun in 1965; women's participation increased in all major fields except the physical sciences; from 1971 to 1981, women doctorates in education more than doubled, with a 22 percent decrease for men; men's doctorates decreased by less than 1 percent from 1980 to 1981, the smallest decrease since 1973; the proportion of doctorates in engineering reporting foreign citizenship exceeded the proportion reporting U.S. citizenship; earnings, teaching assistantships, and research assistantships were reported by over 60 percent of doctorates as primary sources of support; women reported self-support (earnings, spouse's earnings, and family contributions) with greater frequency than men, with twice as many men as women reporting research assistantships as primary sources of support; and Asians reported the highest frequency of support from university sources and American Indians reported greatest support from self sources and, as did whites, from federal aid. The survey form, specialties list, and degrees included are appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Age, Doctoral Degrees, Educational Background, Enrollment Trends, Federal Aid, Fellowships, Females, Financial Support, Foreign Students, Higher Education, Majors (Students), Males, Marital Status, Minority Groups, National Surveys, Occupational Aspiration, Questionnaires, Research Assistants, Student Employment, Student Financial Aid, Teaching Assistants
National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave., Washington, DC 20418.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.; National Institutes of Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.; Department of Education, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Commission on Human Resources.
Identifiers: United States