ERIC Number: ED220478
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
High School Competency Test Standards and the Definition of Competence.
Jaeger, Richard M.
The implicit definition of competence and the inferential chain that links the standard-setting process to the decision outcomes of the method are considered for two classes of standard-setting procedures: those involving data-free judgments of items and those involving data-based judgment of items. The major underlying assumptions of competence include its existence as a unique construct or trait of adults, that one way to attain competence is through 12 years of formal schooling and graduation, that competence is possessed in greater and lesser degrees, and that it is measurable. The construct definition as a standard for measurement of competence and the validation of standard-setting procedures are discussed in relation to the standard-setting methods of Angoff, Nedelsky and Jaeger. The lack of validation of standard-setting procedures and lack of evidence of construct validity in tests of competence standards are described as factors inhibiting the selection of a method based on superior validity or procedures. (CM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Angoff Methods; Jaeger Method; Nedelsky Method
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education (New York, NY, March 20-22, 1982).