ERIC Number: ED220276
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Wait Time and Questioning Skills of Middle School Science Teachers. Final Technical Report.
Swift, J. Nathan
This investigation focused on teachers' questioning skills and the use of wait time (length of pauses after questions). A sample of 40 experienced middle school science teachers from 5 suburban school districts in 1 central New York State county was divided into 4 treatment groups of 10 teachers each. One group received instruction in wait time using a newly-developed electronic feedback device that monitors the duration of teacher and student pauses. (A green light glows when the criterion of a 3 second pause is met.) A second group received instruction in general questioning skills. A third group received both instruction and the use of the feedback device, while the fourth group served as a comparison and received neither instruction nor the electronic device. Tape recordings of class discussions were coded and analyzed for classroom interaction data. Comparisons were made using discriminant analysis, analyses of variance, and correlational relationships. The two groups using the electronic feedback device increased their wait time (although not to the 3 second criterion), used greater numbers of high level questions, and received more contributions from students as measured by length of answers, frequency of volunteered contributions, numbers of relevant student words, and percentages of student talk. (Author/PEB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reports - General; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New York State Univ. System, Albany.
Identifiers: Science Education Research; Wait Time