ERIC Number: ED219783
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Communication Behavior of Washington Reporters on Business Policy Issues.
Grunig, James E.
A study was conducted to determine how Washington, D.C., reporters cover business policy issues and to explain why they report this news as they do. The study used J. Grunig's situational theory of communication behavior as a basis for developing a typology of Washington reporters based upon their perceptions of four business policy issues. A sample of 160 reporters responded to questions that measured problem recognition, level of involvement with each issue, recognition of reporting constraints, and a presence of a referent criterion, both for themselves and as they perceived their readers would respond. Canonical correlation identified five reporter publics, two which appeared to be motivated by individual information needs, one which followed its personal information needs so long as it believed the news also met reader information needs, and two that seemed to be controlled by institutional factors, reporting news that they thought affected everyone or that they thought would interest their readers. Only one reporter public, termed science environmental reporters, had a consistent antibusiness bias. The findings suggest that Washington reporters do not cover negative aspects of business because they dislike business, rather they pay little attention to business until its behavior affects their readers. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (65th, Athens, OH, July 25-28, 1982).