ERIC Number: ED219777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Another Look at the Modes: Kinneavy Reconsidered.
Gefvert, Constance J.
In his rhetorical theory, James Kinneavy distinguishes between "aim" and "mode," but his modes do not represent kinds of reality; instead they represent more specific aims on a lower level of abstraction. Although Kinneavy's classification has been useful in the classroom, seeing the modes as specific aims yields even more pedagogical applications. For instance, we can look at one form of discourse--the essay--as a structured hierarchy of dominant and supporting aims. These structured aims play a dual role, functioning as dominating aims for their section or subsection of the essay and acting as supporting aims for the dominant aims of the whole. This perspective reveals the complexity of the comparison contrast essay that rhetoric texts so often oversimplify. Keeping in mind that what Kinneavy calls modes are only different in degree from what he calls aims helps us see more clearly the hierarchy of aims in all discourse. (JL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Kinneavy (James); Rhetorical Theories
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (33rd, San Francisco, CA, March 18-20, 1982).