ERIC Number: ED219746
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship between Oral Communication and Reading as Basic Skills.
Gray, Philip A.
The relationships that exist among the skills of reading, writing, speaking, and listening suggest a need for greater attention to oral communication processes in the formal instructional program. The extent of these relationships is such that four national associations drafted a joint paper stating that oral language competency is the basis for success in reading, and students with an adequate facility in spoken language are less likely to suffer reading and writing difficulties. A Right to Read pamphlet states that reading and talking are interrelated skills: enhancement of one contributes to the development of the other. Unfortunately, the pamphlet also suggests that by school age, children have acquired the fundamentals of language and that their sounds system is completely matured. Such an assumption ignores the facts that communication behavior is dynamic, that oral communication abilities develop differently in individuals, and that the effective development and use of each of the language skills is dependent upon continued, systematic, and focused instruction in each. Successful instruction in both oral communication and reading will (1) differentiate between basic skills and minimal competencies, (2) focus on processes rather than products, (3) provide explicit communication experiences, (4) provide opportunities to evaluate the effects of the strategies employed in communicating/ reading, and (5) share in the joy of using language. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (27th, Chicago, IL, April 26-30, 1982).