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ERIC Number: ED219682
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
An Empirical Examination of Confrontation Efficacy I.
Watson, John Joseph; Remer, Rory
Because people are separate individuals, interpersonal conflict is inevitable. Social psychologists have studied this area by examining styles of conflict resolution such as negotiation/bargaining. Counseling psychologists have attempted to address these concerns through assertiveness and aspects of parenting training. However, no specific model for conflict resolution has been developed and tested empirically. A three-component confrontation model--specified behavior, emotional reaction, consequence of behavior--was examined in an analogue study of angry confrontation between friends, using 48 female college students as subjects, who completed the Expressed Attitude Toward Confrontation Questionnaire (EATCQ). Results indicated that the complete model (all three components present) had as great or significantly greater impact both statistically and practically than any other combination of components or the "no component present" condition on every one of the nine outcome measures employed. Findings were consistent for both male and female confronters. The results suggest that direct, concise criticism, while potentially threatening, may provide a basis for negotiation of changes with female friends whether done by males or other females. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (66th, New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982). For related document, see CG 016 107.