ERIC Number: ED219679
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Applicant Sex, Physical Attractiveness, and Type of Job on Employment Interviewers' Decisions.
Gilmore, David C.; And Others
Past research on the employment interview has suggested that interviewers are influenced by many variables, including physical attractiveness. To investigate the potential interaction of applicant sex and attractiveness on hiring decisions, the type of job, applicant sex, and applicant physical attractiveness were manipulated to determine the effect of attractiveness on job performance. Resumes with unattractive or attractive photographs were shown to 105 interviewers who rated applicants on several dimensions. Results showed that physical attractiveness influenced employment decisions. More attractive individuals were thought to have better personalities. Employment interviewers were also influenced by the applicant's sex, so that males were generally offered higher starting salaries than females even when the two were equally rated on the decision of whether to hire. The findings, which differed from earlier research using the same materials with college students acting as interviewers, suggest that actual interviewers may have different biases than college students. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (28th, New Orleans, LA, March 24-27, 1982).