ERIC Number: ED219497
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Youth Job Search and Geographic Mobility.
A study was conducted to determine the process by which recent high school graduates enter the labor market, seek and find jobs, migrate from one type of location to another, and the extent to which they are able to further their career objectives via job and location mobility. In addition, the role of the education system in the school-to-work transition was examined. Data for the study were drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972, integrated with 1970 Census data. Results inferred from this data include the following: (1) the probability of migration is positively influenced by knowledge of labor market factors, lower socioeconomic background, fewer number of years in residence at high school location, verbal and mathematical aptitude, and marriage for females; (2) migration is not affected by race, sex, or rural residence; (3) migration enhances the employment prospects for persons initially without jobs, especially students; (4) postsecondary education favorably influences employment changes and wages; (5) the graduates used mostly informal methods to seek employment, such as friends and direct application to firms; however, using employment agencies, school placement agencies and union registration is more likely to result in finding a job. The study implies that geographic mobility can be viewed as a productive undertaking for promoting upward mobility once a young person has successfully entered the labor force and gained employment.(KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: National Longitudinal Study High School Class 1972
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