ERIC Number: ED219481
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. Certiorari to the Court of Appeal of California, Second Appellate District. No. 81-38. Argued March 22, 1982. Decided June 30, 1982. Supreme Court of the United States. Syllabus.
Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC.
This document includes a case summary and the Supreme Court Justices' opinions on Crawford vs Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles. The Crawford case concerned the constitutionality of Proposition 1, a State constitutional amendment ratified by California voters to stop mandatory pupil reassignment and busing within the Los Angeles Unified School District unless the reassignment was mandated by a Federal court to remedy a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Federal Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment. The Court opinion, delivered by Justice Powell, held that Proposition 1 did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment; was merely a repeal of previous desegregation litigation; was not enacted with discriminatory intent; and had legitimate nondiscriminatory objectives, mainly the educational benefits of neighborhood schooling. Concurring, Justice Blackmun distinguished between the Crawford case and the case of Washington vs Seattle, maintaining that in the latter case, the State electorate reallocated decision-making authority to make it more difficult for minorities to achieve legislation in their interest, while in the former, California voters merely repealed the right to invoke a judicial busing remedy. In dissent, Justice Marshall maintained that Proposition 1 reallocated State power and deprived minorities of the only effective method of redress, namely the full remedial powers of the State judiciary. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Supreme Court of the U. S., Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Crawford v Board of Education of Los Angeles; Fourteenth Amendment; Los Angeles Unified School District CA; Proposition 1 (California 1979); Supreme Court