ERIC Number: ED219471
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: 0
The State of Hmong Resettlement and Possible Approaches to Solve Some of Its Problems.
Li, Gertraude Roth
This paper describes the Hmong refugees in the United States, the state of their resettlement, and possible approaches to resettlement problems. Included are descriptions of the Hmong background and culture; orientation programs in refugee camps; processes and specific problems of Hmong resettlement; Hmong organizations; Hmong adjustment to culture and language through participation in language programs; and a discussion of potential economic adjustment through training, employment, and engagement in cottage industries. Among the Hmong refugee problems identified are the phenomenon of geographical concentration through secondary migration within the United States; Hmong dissatisfaction due to perceived differences in sponsorship aid to different families; insecurity brought about by adjustment problems and differences in the pace of adjustment among different groups; family conflicts arising from the new environment; and older Hmongs' reluctance to work. Recommendations for easing the resettlement process include: (1) establishing an international orientation program; (2) limiting secondary migration through economic incentives; (3) encouraging more Hmong participation and decision-making in resettlement programs; (4) considering cultural differences when establishing suitable ESL programs; and (5) providing job training programs. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hmong People; Refugee Camps
Note: For related documents see ED 206 202 and UD 022 282.