ERIC Number: ED219318
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Changing Patterns of Cultural Imperialism in a Developing Country.
Using Belize, Central America, as an example, this paper illustrates some of the changing patterns of cultural imperialism that can presently be viewed in the emerging nations of the world. Cultural imperialism is defined as the process whereby the culture of a weaker nation is dominated by that of a stronger nation. In September 1981, Belize, formerly British Honduras, gained its political independence from the United Kingdom. In the past the major force influencing the Belizean culture came from the British Isles. The trend now is toward an increasing pattern of Americanization and a corresponding decrease in British influence. The paper examines current imperialist patterns which reflect this trend: economic imperialism and socio-political imperialism. The private land in Belize is now largely owned by U.S. interests. In the worlds of finance and trade, there is also a growing North American orientation. The unit of currency in Belize is now the dollar. Many of Belize's exports such as sugar and seafood come to the United States. The U.S. influence can also be seen in the production process. The Hershey foods ship cacao to Pennsylvania and an American born doctor grows and sells mangoes to the United States. The U.S. socio-political imperialism can be seen in communications, migrations, and the military. For example, most vehicles in Belize are now American; one of the major sources of immigrants is North America and this is also the most important destination for emigrants; and the United States has recently agreed to provide training for the Belize Defense Force. (RM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (San Antonio, TX, April 26, 1982).