ERIC Number: ED219226
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Preservice Teacher Education in Elementary Science. NR 68.
A study of science teaching insecurity in preservice elementary school teachers (N=56) in Finland is presented. Based upon Maslow's theory of basic needs, it was believed that individuals who feel insecure about science or science teaching cannot function at a higher need level until these insecurities are met. A 20-item instrument was used to determine an individual's self-estimated proficiency in science (SEPS), the main independent variable. Half of the students with low SEPS and half with high SEPS took a "traditional" methods course which emphasized basic competencies in teaching physical science. The other half of each group took a "humanistic" methods course which emphasized self actualization. It was hypothesized that the traditional course would best suit students with low SEPS and the humanistic course would be better for those with high SEPS. Two other independent variables included 1) actual proficiency in science (APS) as determined by an achievement test in high school physics and chemistry and 2) sex. Instruments designed to measure absolute and relative levels of anxiety specific to the teaching of science (ASTS, RATS) were administered. Findings indicate that neither of the method courses was superior to the other, based upon ASTS and RATS scores. (DC)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Chemistry, College Students, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Methods Courses, Physical Sciences, Preservice Teacher Education, Science Education, Science Instruction, Self Actualization, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Effectiveness
Tidningsbokhandelin, Box 79, SF-20100 ABO 10, Finland, price not known (free from author while supply lasts).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Abo Akademi (Finland).
Identifiers: Finland; Maslows Hierarchy of Needs; Science Education Research
Note: Publication No. 68 of the Research Institute of the Abo Akademi Foundation. Ed.D. Dissertation, Northern Illinois University.