ERIC Number: ED219172
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Music, Education and Community in Nineteenth-Century Kansas: Euterpe, Tonnies, and the Academy on the Plains. Country School Legacy: Humanities on the Frontier.
Haack, Paul A.; Heller, George N.
Music, education, and community and the interactions among these three factors in Kansas during the 19th century offer an opportunity to study the role and function of music education in a sociocultural context. From 1824-1899, 16 Catholic missions were opened in Kansas for American Indians. These schools used music as an adjunct to academic instruction, religious indoctrination, and acculturation. Before statehood in 1855, most white settlers' children went to subscription schools. After statehood, white immigrants flooded into Kansas, pushing most American Indians off their land, eliminating all but two missions. The two missions which remained did so by opening their doors to white students and by becoming institutions of higher education. With statehood also came the establishment of public schools, guidelines for district boards in the hiring of teachers, and standardized curricula which emphasized Americanization. In addition to legislation in 1870 urging music education in the schools, communities were affected by rail transportation, which brought musicians into the state. Country schools were maintained by the community and utilized by the community for celebrations of everything from federal holidays to trivial local events. Singing was a big part of community activities, which were often highlighted by the local band or orchestra presentations. (AH)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian Education, Catholic Schools, Cultural Interrelationships, Curriculum, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Immigrants, Music, Private Education, Public Education, Rural Education, School Community Relationship, Teachers
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mountain Plains Library Association, Silt, CO. Country School Legacy Project.
Identifiers: Country School Legacy Project; Kansas; Mission Schools
Note: Pages containing music will not reproduce well.