ERIC Number: ED218829
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of the Zone of Proximal Development in Learning Disabled, Mentally Retarded, and Normal Children.
Hall, Lynda K.; Day, Jeanne D.
Sixty-five learning disabled (LD), educable mentally retarded (EMR), and normal second graders were compared on their ability to profit from instruction on a balance scale task and on their ability to transfer their learning to two new tasks. During individual training, the retarded group required an average of 9.8 hints, the LD group an average of 9.3, and the normal group an average of 6.8 hints. Differences on the transfer task were significant between the EMR and normal Ss and approached significance between the EMR and LD Ss. Two groups of children did not exhibit consistent learning/transfer profiles: Ss who learned quickly but did not transfer well (context bound); and Ss who learned slowly but were able to transfer well (reflective). The authors concluded that measures of the ability to transfer information appears to be the most sensitive indicator of differences between LD and EMR children. (CL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982). Print is poor in parts.