ERIC Number: ED218695
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
The Interplay between Racism and Sexism: Using Assertiveness Training Techniques to Reduce Racism.
Rozema, Hazel J.
Both women and blacks are often seen as inferior, emotional, harmless, content in their places, and nonverbally submissive, and are subject to overt discrimination in education, employment, and politics. Assertiveness training, a popular means used by women to overcome or combat sexism, could be equally effective in combatting racism. Assertive behavior, in contrast to passive or aggressive behavior, occurs when one stands up for his or her legitimate rights without violating those of others. There are five barriers to assertive responses to racism: (1) a feeling of responsibility for another's feelings, (2) a feeling that self-assertion might make others angry, (3) lack of persistence, (4) fear of losing the approval of others, and (5) the belief that nonassertive behavior is polite and considerate. After recognizing these barriers, it is important to note specific verbal approaches that can be used to combat verbal examples of racism, including confrontational assertion, anger assertion, and repetition of a position through such techniques as the "broken record" (repeating a statement several times), or "fogging" (acknowledging some truth in another's statement, then repeating your own feelings or statements). Such assertive approaches provide a calm, reasonable way of expressing feelings or anger without infringing upon others' rights, thereby forcing others to reexamine their attitudes and behavior and increasing self-esteem. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interpersonal Communication
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association (Boston, MA, May 2-5, 1982).