ERIC Number: ED218636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Coverage of Developed and Developing Nations in American Wire Services to Asia.
Giffard, C. Anthony
A study was conducted to contrast the news coverage of developed and developing nations, and of the United States specifically, as transmitted to Asia by the Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (UPI). A total of 556 AP reports and 453 UPI reports drawn from a 6-week period were coded for more than 100 variables and 47 topics. The results indicated that more news reports were based in the United States than any other single country, but they accounted for only 23% of the total. Countries with the next greatest number of reports were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, Japan, and the Third World nations of Iran, China, the Philippines, Malaysia, and India. By region, Asia had the greatest number of reports. The average length of the reports located in the Third World was greater than that of reports from the developed countries or the United States alone. The largest subject category was political news, and reports from the United States and Western Europe dominated the economic news. However, Asia accounted for more reports of international trade agreements and the largest proportion of stories on capital investment and stock issues and industrial projects. Asia was second only to North America as the location of reports on scientific, technical, and medical topics. More than half of the reports of natural disasters were located not in the Third World, but in the United States. These findings suggest that there is only some truth to the New World Information Order claims that Western news sources are biased against developing nations. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Associated Press; New World Information Order; United Press International; Wire Services
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (65th, Athens, OH, July 25-28, 1982).