ERIC Number: ED218634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
UNESCO's Proposal to License Journalists: Protection vs. Control.
Deskins, Lucinda E.
Unesco's proposal to license journalists would entail setting certain criteria for all reporters to follow in their foreign and domestic stories, in return for which, licensed journalists would be protected from government harassment or harm. The proposal, which greatly disturbs journalists from Western nations, is an effort by Third World countries to correct what they believe is an imbalance in the flow and quality of Western media coverage of Third World news. Developmental journalism embodies the conviction that the media have a duty to the state that comes before any duty to their own freedom or independence from the state. Two basic differences for licensing are related to the political backgrounds of the countries in which it already exists: Those in which it keeps the government separate from the reporters and maintains high journalistic standards are democratic countries, whereas those in which the licensing seems to enforce government control are authoritarian nations. Because there is a definite split in beliefs as to how the world news should be reported, there are pros and cons that keep recurring in the licensing issue, underneath which lies one dominant obstacle--the countries of the world are so vastly different in development, politics, economics, and cultures, that no one set of regulations or code of ethics is ever going to be acceptable to all journalists or all countries. It is also clear that no one country or group of countries should have to live under another's standards. (HTH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalism Licensing; UNESCO; World Information Order
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (65th, Athens, OH, July 25-28, 1982).