ERIC Number: ED218613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Democratic Socialism: Toward a Fifth Theory of the Press.
Picard, Robert G.
For more than 25 years, the "four theories" paradigm has been dominant in the study of the relationships among the press, society, and the state. Asserting that the major approaches to such study are the libertarian, social responsibility, authoritarian, and Soviet/communist theories, this paradigm fails to account for economic and social pressures that have led to a decline in newspaper plurality and opinions available in Western democratic societies. A new theory has recently emerged to fill this gap. The theory, which arose from democratic socialist ideology, holds that state intervention in the structure and operation of the press should be encouraged to counteract effects of private control and to support the role of the press in the democratic process by promoting democratic control, as well as unit, communicator, and message plurality in the press. The theory proposes alternative ownership and management forms that would make the press public utilities to be used as tools by people to disseminate their aspirations, ideas, and opinions. The theory is based on the belief that freedom of the press is a right accorded citizens in a democracy and not a privilege reserved only to those who own or control the media. The theory holds that economic and social pressures on the press must be eased if press freedom is to be preserved. (FL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Democratic Socialism; Media Ownership; Media Role
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (65th, Athens, OH, July 25-28, 1982).