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ERIC Number: ED218578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Typology of Relapse Promoting Situations.
Shiffman, Saul
Outcome data on smoking cessation has emphasized that most people have difficulty not in quitting smoking, but in maintaining cessation. An attempt was made to develop a more meaningful typology of relapse-promoting situations using a sample of 183 exsmokers who called a telephone hotline seeking help to stay away from cigarettes. Two higher order clusters emerged from the cluster analysis of their responses: a positive affect situation in which self-indulgence was prominent, and a negative affect situation characterized by high levels of stress and feeling of anxiety and depression. The most homogeneous subtype of exsmoker occurred when the individual was faced with smoking-related stimuli in social drinking situations. The typology of smoking motivations suggests that the enhancements of positive affects and dimunition affects are major motivators for smoking. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Relapse Crises
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (28th, New Orleans, LA, March 24-27, 1982).