ERIC Number: ED218562
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Premarital and Marital Factors on Early Marital Satisfaction: An Empirical Test of Theory.
Holman, Thomas B.
Social scientists have been studying marriage for several decades and have identified many factors related to the quality of marriage. A longitudinal study of 57 engaged couples was conducted while they were college students and after they were married to test parts of Lewis and Spainer's recently proposed theory of marital quality. It was hypothesized that three premarital variables (consensus on values and marital roles, emotional health, and exposure to adequate role models) and three marital variables (quality of role enactment, amount of companionship, and effectiveness of communication) would be directly and positively related to marital satisfaction. The findings showed that the premarital variables were the most important in their indirect effects on marital satisfaction. Effectiveness of communication was the most important marital variable in explaining both spouses' marital satisfaction. The results provide some corroborating evidence for the validity of Lewis and Spanier's theory and also provide evidence with which to refine, extend and modify the theory. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Marital Satisfaction
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Milwaukee, WI, October 13-17, 1981).