ERIC Number: ED218307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
The Evaluation of Technology R&D: A Continuing Dilemma.
de Leon, Peter
The development of advanced technologies needs to be assessed as part of an on-going process. A technology evaluation agenda is presented. Research and development (R and D) is a sequential, changing process. The formulation of standards and criteria is a function of the stage of development and type of technology. The criteria should be generalizable and evaluation measurements and methodologies should be appropriate for that technology at a given stage of development. The evaluation of large R and D programs must begin to include institutional factors, i.e. the political element. The evaluator should include institutional considerations into a set of formal evaluation approaches. Technology typologies must be constructed to be suitable for comparison with present and future alternative options. The early metaevaluation tasks concerning the evaluation of social implications of technologies currently in planning and R and D stages include specifying concrete areas for inquiry, rather than a premature holistic approach. A long term research plan should be structured so that progress can be directed, accumulated, and measured. The third task might be the systematic institutionalization of multidisciplinary research across technology issue-areas, skills, and capabilities which will be in great demand. (DWH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.
Identifiers: Research and Development