ERIC Number: ED218060
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Aug
Reference Count: 0
An Evaluation Of Forced Relocation of Population Due to Rural Community Development. Research Bulletin 1073.
Napier, Ted L.; Wright, Cathy J.
To examine sociological response to rural development projects requiring forced population relocation, a study was conducted of a small, rural farming community in central Ohio which had been disrupted as a result of a large scale (approximately 8,100 acres) development project. A sample of 72 subjects was taken from the affected community (37 nonrelocated families and 35 relocated families) and 50 from a nonaffected base group; relocated families were surveyed by mail and others were interviewed at home. Study variables were community alienation, community satisfaction with services, commitment to education, physical mobility, traditionalism, and community identification. Attitudes toward land acquisition and the development project were evaluated within the affected group. Findings did not support the commonly held position that rural development projects which require extensive land acquisition and subsequent relocation of resident populations result in significant fragmentation of social relationships in the affected group. The experimental group was basically not alienated from its community group, was marginally (neutral) satisfied with community services, highly committed to education, physically immobile, modernistic relative to change, and highly identified with their community. There were severe negative attitudes toward land acquisitions among the experimental relocated group members. (BRR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster.
Identifiers: Community Disruption; Eminent Domain; Impact; Impact Studies; Ohio; Satisfaction; Traditionalism