ERIC Number: ED217747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
From Crisis to Crisis. American College Government 1636-1819.
The history of the institutional, governmental, and legal development of American higher education before 1820 is examined. This study portrays the early history of American higher education as the transformation of European institutions by American conditions, views the old as coexisting but also competing with the new, perceives institutional policies as expressions of social purposes and economic interest, and points to the innovative impact of early capitalist expansion after the American Revolution. Part One, "Schools of the Reformation in the New World," includes descriptions of a provincial school in the wilderness, Harvard College as the new world's oldest corporation, the College of William and Mary, Connecticut's Collegiate School, and the triumph of external government. Part Two, "Cultural Pluralism and the Great Awakening," examines Yale College, college founding in the middle colonies, a college for New York, autocracy in Connecticut and pluralism in Rhode Island, and the American "provincial college.""From the Revolution to the Dartmouth College Case," in Part Three discusses war and revolution, the birth of the American university, the people versus the colleges, private colleges, state colleges and universities, novus ordo collegiorum, and Dartmouth College and the Supreme Court. Appendices include: 52 degree-granting institutions of higher learning chartered between 1636 and 1820 and the number of earned first degrees awarded by American colleges and universities. Notes and an index are also provided. (LC)
Descriptors: Academic Freedom, College Administration, College Faculty, College Role, College Students, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Institutional Autonomy, School Community Relationship, United States History
Harvard University Press, 79 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 01460 ($25.00).
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: College of William and Mary VA; Connecticut; Dartmouth College NH; Massachusetts; New York; Rhode Island; Virginia; Yale University CT