ERIC Number: ED217728
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Spanish Attributive Construction "Ser/Estar" + Adjective: Real Use Phenomena Submitted to Adult Learners.
Delbecque, N.; De Kock, J.
The criteria employed in most textbooks to differentiate "ser" and "estar" followed by an adjective are mainly semantic. Most exercises offer to second language learners too high a proportion of "estar" usages, a practice that leads to overgeneralization with regard to the use of "estar." An experiment was carried out to verify the extent to which students deviate from native usage. Four hundred verbal nuclei with "ser" or "estar" plus adjective constructions were taken at random from 16 modern Spanish prose texts. Of these samples, 6% used "estar." The verbal items and the surrounding context were given to students, with a blank for the verb. The students were asked to supply the infinitive form of "ser" or "estar." The majority of unsuccessful answers were due to overgeneralized use of "estar." Analysis of the data indicated that the proportion of unsuccessful answers was equal among students of all abilities. The confrontation of foreign student usage with real-use data show that the presence of restrictive contextual elements often induced a bad guess because of the theoretical relation generally established a priori between "estar" and limitative referential elements. (AMH)
Descriptors: Adjectives, Error Analysis (Language), Language Research, Language Usage, Second Language Learning, Spanish, Syntax, Textbook Content, Verbs
Not available separately; see FL 013 014.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Auxiliary Verbs
Note: In its: Practice and Problems in Language Testing. Proceedings of the International Language Testing Symposium of the Interuniversitare Sprachtesgruppe (4th, Essex, England, September 14-17, 1981).