ERIC Number: ED217472
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Citation Networks as Indicators of Journalism Research Activity.
Tankard, James W., Jr.; And Others
One method of identifying important areas and books within a field is through citation counts--noting the number of times a work is referred to in the literature. These counts can be supplemented with citation networks, in which links between articles are formed by such methods as direct citation and cocitation. Citation counts and networks were used to analyze the references in three volumes of "Journalism Quarterly" (1978, 1979, 1980) in order to determine the most frequently cited sources in the journal, to identify classic works, and to determine whether there was an active front in the field of journalism research. Of 2,821 sources cited, only 43 were cited as many as five times, and no source was cited more than 11 times. The most frequently cited journal was "Journalism Quarterly" itself. Citation networks indicated that Klapper's "The Effects of Mass Communication"; Lazerfeld's, Berelson's, and Gaudet's "The People's Choice"; and Berelson's, Lazerfeld's, and McPhee's "Voting" were highly cited by other sources, and thus might be good candidates for classics of the field. The findings suggested that journalism research might not have as active a research front as fields in the physical sciences. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalism Quarterly
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (65th, Athens, OH, July 25-28, 1982). Figures may not reproduce well.