ERIC Number: ED217430
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Walter Lippmann and First Amendment Freedoms: A New Perspective.
Bernstein, James M.
The books, newspaper columns, articles, and speeches of Walter Lippmann were analyzed to determine the journalist's First Amendment viewpoints in four periods when national security was an issue in the United States. These periods were (1) after World War I, (2) after the Korean War, (3) during World War II, and (4) during the war in Vietnam. The analysis revealed that at times when national security was a dominant issue, Lippmann was skeptical of majority rule, a basic democratic principle, because he thought many members of the public were ill-informed. However, throughout his career, Lippmann strongly advocated freedom of information and open debate, and saw these concepts as conditions for greater participation in democratic processes. The findings suggest that although Lippmann did not take an absolutist approach to the First Amendment, he certainly advocated wide-spread freedom of expression for the press and individuals. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: First Amendment; Journalism History; Lippmann (Walter); National Security
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (65th, Athens, OH, July 25-28, 1982).