ERIC Number: ED217386
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Mental Imagery and the Reading Comprehension of Below Average Readers: Situational Variables and Sex Differences.
Gambrell, Linda B.; Koskinen, Patricia S.
A study investigated (1) the effectiveness of giving instructions to form mental images prior to reading a text and at the conclusion of the text, and (2) sex differences in the ability of below average readers to form mental images. Subjects were 47 sixth grade students who were below average readers. The subjects were randomly assigned, by sex, to one of two treatment groups. In one group, subjects were given instructions to form imagery prior to reading an expository passage; and in the other group, subjects were told to form imagery at the conclusion of reading the same passage. After reading the passage, subjects in both groups were asked to retell the story and to answer recall questions about it. Findings revealed that instructions to form mental imagery given prior to reading a text increased literal comprehension and that males benefited significantly more than females from instructions to form mental imagery about a text. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Induced Mental Imagery
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).