ERIC Number: ED217180
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Expanding Student Opportunities in Occupational Education: Methods to Reduce Sex-Role Stereotyping in Program Choice. Research Pub. 81-10.
Veres, Helen C.; Carmichael, Mary Margaret
A project developed and tested methods to reduce sex-role stereotyping in occupational education programs. A total of 460 students completed two surveys that obtained information on background, education and career plans, influences on choice of occupation, perceptions of support for nontraditional career choice, and perceptions of occupational sex-stereotyping. A parent interview questionnaire determined parents' opinions about factors important in choosing a career. A program of classroom activities was developed for use with eighth and tenth graders. It included two short filmstrips, Job and Gender, Parts I and II; parent and student information on career options and employment data; classroom discussions; and required student discussion with a parent about career decision-making. (Analyses of the first survey and parent interviews and the experimental effort are provided.) Conclusions were that parents, siblings, and peers were important influences on student attitudes towards nontraditional careers. Females were more apt to consider nontraditional choices. Males evidenced greatest change in the direction of less stereotyped attitudes. By eighth grade the influence of sex-role socialization was evident. Males and females became more alike in characteristics an individual would consider in choosing an occupation. Even a brief contact period produced change toward less stereotypic attitudes. (YLB)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Career Choice, Career Education, Decision Making, Educational Research, Females, Grade 10, Grade 8, Influences, Males, Nontraditional Occupations, Parent Attitudes, Parent Influence, Program Development, Secondary Education, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Student Attitudes, Surveys, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Occupational and Continuing Education.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Cornell Inst. for Occupational Education.
Identifiers: New York