ERIC Number: ED217110
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jan
Reference Count: 0
The Pros and Cons of Busing in Pennsylvania.
Duff, Ogle B.; And Others
Busing, or transporting students at public expense, has been practiced in the United States for over a century. The use of the term to mean transporting students for school desegregation purposes has been relatively recent. Most States started providing pupil transportation when legislation for school district consolidation was implemented, resulting in broader school district boundaries and increased student travel distances. Significantly, no substantial increases in busing have been observed since the courts ordered school desegregation. In Pennsylvania, busing is additionally mandated by Act 372 which requires school districts to transport (under certain distance criteria) nonpublic school students. Available data do not indicate whether students in the State are being bused because of school consolidation, desegregation, or Act 372. Opposition to busing in general and Act 372 in particular allegedly centers on the effects of busing on children's safety and welfare, academic and extracurricular activities, and travel time. In reality, resistance to busing is rooted in racism. A survey shows that Pennsylvania students are bused largely for reasons other than desegregation. Hence negative, desegregation oriented attitudes toward busing are misdirected myths that must be dispelled. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Race Desegregation Assistance Center.
Identifiers: Act 372 (Pennsylvania); Pennsylvania
Note: Appendixes deleted because of superfluous material and poor reproducibility. Some tables may be marginally legible due to small print.