ERIC Number: ED216978
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Building Curricula When You Don't Have the Answer.
Martin, James L.; Uguroglu, Margaret E.
When dealing with strategy for curriculum development or instruction in education, there are three possible approaches that the implementors can use to achieve desired goals. These three are the administrative approach, the research approach, and the design approach. The administrative approach relies on power as its authority and coercion to integrate its power network and control its functioning. The research approach uses knowledge as its source of power and relies on communication processes for integration and control. The design approach is based on rights of individuals and conformity as integrating and controlling processes. Teachers must be learners and be willing to use when appropriate any of the three approaches in their teaching strategy. Teachers need to be able to recognize the approach that is being used and see how the approach fits the goals of the curriculum. A good teacher uses all three approaches, selecting the appropriate time to use each approach and to know the reason for that particular choice. (Author/NE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Curriculum Theories; Knowledge
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 1982).