ERIC Number: ED216407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Mode of Processing Using the Split-Span Technique in Dichotic Listening.
Gallup, Howard F.; Bookman, Lisa
Using the split-span technique in which auditory stimuli are presented in various combinations to the right and left ears, two studies were designed to examine the preferences of subjects as to their mode of recall, to assess the accuracy of such recall, and to look at possible sex differences in both the preferences and the accuracy. A total of 112 college students participated in the experiments. The materials used as stimuli were the digits zero through nine and ten consonants selected to provide minimal auditory confusions. Each trial consisted of six items in three pairs, with one member going to one ear only and the other member going only to the opposite ear. In the absence of instructions to recall in one way or another, subjects overwhelmingly preferred to recall ear by ear (i.e., all items from one ear followed by those from the other ear), even when the materials were presented so as to permit different modes of responding. Males and females behaved almost identically, with females tending to show a slight edge in accuracy in one experiment. The presentation of the stimuli in blocked sequences seemed to have no effect on recall. Digits were recalled significantly more accurately than consonants. Accuracy tended to be greater in the right ear under blocked conditions but not under unblocked conditions. (RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dichotic Listening
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (New Orleans, LA, March 24-27, 1982).