ERIC Number: ED216033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar-22
Reference Count: 0
Stuart Appleton Courtis: Tester, Reformer and Progressive.
Johanningmeier, E. V.
The career of Stuart Appleton Courtis in the growth of testing and educational measurement parallels the development of progressive education in the first half of the twentieth century. In 1909 he developed the standardized Courtis Arithmetic Test, Series A, the first objective test used in any city public schools. Continuing his work in testing, he revised some of his earlier concepts in constructing tests for areas including reading and composition. His effort was to improve public education by challenging traditional conceptions with new practices based on the social and behavioral sciences. Discussion of his career covers his service as a director in educational research and the evolution of the tests he developed. The testing theories and formula Courtis used are presented. Participating in several school surveys, and writing texts in educational philosophy, which he taught at the University of Michigan, he saw himself as a progressive educator attempting to develop techniques for educational cooperation which he believed would improve the democratic process. He lived from 1874-1969. (CM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Courtis (Stuart Appleton)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (66th, New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).