ERIC Number: ED215969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Application of Inoculation Theory to Preventive Alcohol Education.
Duryea, Elias J.
This study investigated the efficacy of using inoculation theory in developing students' skills in resisting pressures involved with drinking and driving situations. Inoculation theory stems from psychosocial investigations that have demonstrated that resistance to specific opposing arguments can be increased if subjects are familiar with these arguments. The study sample was comprised of 155 ninth grade students who participated in instructional sessions that included films, question-answer sessions, role-play exercises, and a slide show. Each of these sessions familiarized students with physiological effects of alcohol and persuasive arguments people use to convince others to engage in risky alcohol-related practices (i.e., riding with drinking drivers). Role-play exercises taught students the content and aim of these persuasive arguments, gave them practice in refuting such arguments, and provided feedback on their refutations. Phase 1 of the inoculation treatment is based on the assumption that, in general, most students demonstrate varying degrees of resistance to different types of persuasive pressures. Phase 2 proposes that, while students are learning about threatening arguments and practicing effective refutations, their level of resistance is high. Although such resistance may still fluctuate, it generally remains strong. Phase 3 illustrates the potential impact of a "sleeper effect" upon subjects following inoculation treatments. It is proposed that, with time, a person who has been inoculated against a threatening argument will come to think of even more refutations to these arguments. Research results suggest that the inoculation approach is compatible with the goals and objectives of preventive alcohol education. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Innoculation Theory
Note: Paper presented at the National Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Houston, TX, April, 1982).