ERIC Number: ED215928
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Dec-30
Reference Count: 0
Vocational Guidance for Women, 1910-1940.
Rossiter, Margaret W.
The kinds of vocational guidance available to women from 1910 to 1940 are discussed in this paper. As the number of women college graduates increased in the 1890s and especially in the first decade of the 20th century, concern also grew for what all these trained women would do to earn a living after they graduated and before they married (if they did). There was a real need to explore and publicize what jobs other than teaching might be available to these women. The start of the field of vocational guidance is attributed to Frank Parsons who opened the first "vocational bureau" in Boston in 1908. In 1909, when Parsons died, an "appointment bureau," the first in the nation for women, was established. From that time on a wide range of services, groups, books, and publications became available to women seeking jobs. Many women made whole careers in the vocational guidance field. For example, so many college graduates were heading for New York City in search of work in 1911 that the New York alumnae associations of nine women's colleges set up the Intercollegiate Bureau of Occupations there to help their graduates find suitable jobs. After World War I the field of vocational guidance flourished, and a series of new books provided a steady flow of information to a voracious audience. The first of these was "Careers for Women" published by Catherine Filene in 1920. Filene as Director of the Intercollegiate Vocational Guidance Association also held many conferences to acquaint women with post-graduate employment possibilities. In addition to describing these many services, publications, and groups, the paper also describes employment advice that women were receiving during this time period. (RM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, Joint Session with the Canadian Historical Association (Los Angeles, CA, December, 1981).