ERIC Number: ED215774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Piaget's Egocentrism: A Unitary Construct?
Ruthven, Avis J.; Cunningham, William L.
In order to determine whether egocentrism can be conceptualized as a unitary construct, 100 children (51 four-year-olds, 37 five-year-olds, and 12 six-year-olds) were administered a visual/spatial perspective task, a cognitive/communicative task, and an affective task. All tasks were designed to measure different facets of egocentrism. The 50 males (31 black, 19 white) and 50 females (38 black, 12 white) were randomly selected from those attending day care centers in Volusia County, Florida. All subjects were from single-parent families. A chi-square contingency analysis yielded significant results for the 4-year-olds only, indicating that while performance of 4-year-olds on egocentrism tasks was not independent of the task, the performance of 5- and 6-year-olds was independent of the task presented. These findings lend some support to the notion of a unitary egocentrism construct. The differences in performance for the different age groups were explained by a combination of a verbal comprehension factor and perceptual/spatial ability rather than real differences in egocentrism. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Multiple Measures Approach; Piagetian Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (28th, New Orleans, LA, March 24-27, 1982).