ERIC Number: ED215585
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
Field Dependence-Independence as a Variable in Second Language Cloze Test Performance.
Hansen, Jacqueline; Stansfield, Charles
This paper explores the influence of field independent-dependent cognitive style on second language test performance, especially as it relates to performance on the integrative type of measure known as the cloze test. Approximately 250 college students enrolled in a first semester Spanish course formed the sample group for this correlational study. Students were administered the Group Embedded Figures Test of field dependence-independence along with several measures of linguistic, communicative, and integrative competence. The results showed student field independence to be related consistently in a positive albeit modest fashion to second language test performance. Most notable was the correlation between field independence and cloze test performance (r=.43, p. .001). The relationship was less marked on other measures such as final course grade (r=.21, p. .001). This suggests there may be a cognitive style bias operating in conjunction with cloze test performance. That is, such measures may call forth cognitive restructuring abilities more readily available to more field independent individuals. In turn, it implies the need to use some caution when employing or interpreting cloze tests for placement or achievement purposes. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Field Dependence Independence
Note: Paper presented at the International Conference of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (16th, Honolulu, HI, May 1, 1982).