ERIC Number: ED215432
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Locus of Control and School Adjustment Following the Loss of a Parent.
Enos, Thomas A.; Hartman, Bruce W.
This study investigates whether students experiencing difficulty adapting to parental loss also feel they have little or no control over life events; whether an inability to adapt to the stress of parental loss surfaces as a school adjustment problem; and whether these relationships are stronger for students losing a parent through death than through divorce. Subjects for the experiment were 840 middle school students in a suburban New Jersey community. Selected from this group were 18 students with histories of parental death, 18 students having experienced parental separation or divorce, and a control group of 18 students who had experienced no loss. Instruments used included a demographic questionnaire and the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale, both completed by the students, and the Classroom Adjustment Scale, completed by teachers. A measure of association, lambda, was calculated for three contingency tables representing each group. The author states that, although the lambdas were rather small, knowing a student's locus of control enhanced the ability to classify the student as having a school adjustment problem or not. Accuracy increased as the stress associated with the loss of a parent increased. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Behavior Problems, Death, Divorce, Emotional Problems, Family Problems, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Locus of Control, Middle Schools, Parent Student Relationship, Parents, Predictive Measurement, Statistical Analysis, Stress Variables, Student School Relationship
Not available separately; see EA 014 544.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Middle School Association, Fairborn, OH.
Identifiers: Life Events
Note: Paper included in "Middle School Research. Selected Studies 1981" (EA 014 544). For related documents, see EA 014 544-553.