ERIC Number: ED215357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Dictation/Word Processing Systems on Teaching Writing.
Halpern, Jeanne W.
Because of dramatic changes in the technology of communication systems in business, industry, government, and the professions, college graduates are no longer writing the way they were taught to write. Instead of being physically engaged in a recursive pen-in-hand process, they are dictating their communications for word processing systems. A review of the literature on word processors and structured interviews with 28 users and managers of word processing systems demonstrate that writers now compose their communications by modifying all phases of the composing process to meet the requirements of the new systems. Such research on how writers compose on the new systems suggests that teachers can help business writing students adapt their writing to the new technology by (1) preparing students to anticipate the options new systems provide; (2) preparing students to conduct two concurrent monologues, one for the intended reader and one for the word processor or transcriptionist; (3) introducing a wide range of planning strategies, from generative heuristics to stereotypic patterning; (4) helping students internalize the conventions of written texts; (5) incorporating oral delivery in class instruction; (6) using highly adaptable review/revision procedures; and (7) emphasizing collaboration in all stages of the composing process. (HTH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Text Editors
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (33rd, San Francisco, CA, March 18-20, 1982).