ERIC Number: ED215240
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Time in Prison, Esteem and Disclosure on Prisonization.
White, Denise Yvette
The prison experience has traditionally been examined from two perspectives, i.e., deprivation or importation. The amount of time spent in prison, the degree of assimilation into the inmate subculture (prisonization), changes in self-esteem, and self-disclosure are associated with the deprivation model. Advocates of the importation model, however, argue that factors from outside the prison experience have an equal effect. Prisonization, self-esteem, self-disclosure, post-release expectations and outside contacts were examined in a cross section of 100 minimum security inmates. Subjects completed questionnaires consisting of a 73-item scale to measure prisonization, the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, and the Jourard Self-Disclosure Questionnaire. Self-esteem was correlated with three prisonization measures but not with self-disclosure. Self-disclosure shifted to outside prison targets as release neared. There was also a significant two-way interaction of self-esteem and social role adaptation on disclosure to inmates. The measures of outside influences showed inconclusive results and did not provide support for either model. The data suggest that inmates who are most involved in the inmate subculture assume more negative social roles and are more opposed to the law and to the institution. (The appendices contain reliability/validity information on the scales used in the study as well as the study instruments.) (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Disclosure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (52nd, New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981).