ERIC Number: ED215167
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Equity from a Legal Perspective. Research and Development Series No. 214K.
Richette, Lisa Aversa
The history of the development of equity--justice and fairness--can be traced through law and court cases. Early United States Supreme Court opinions (1873) on issues of newly asserted claims by women provide evidence of preconceptions concerning women and their stereotyped positions. Occupational exclusion was reinforced by law to maintain a caste system. An even more fundamental right denied to women was the right to vote. Again, in 1948, male judges relegated women to "appropriate" and "feminine" occupations. In 1908, enacted legislation to shield women from excessively long hours of labor in stressful work situations was upheld. Appeals for equity were muted by supporters of the Equal Rights Amendment, since women voters were promoted as having more sensitivity and integrity. Protective legislation based upon traditional stereotypes about women continued to be upheld into the seventies. Progress toward equity include the passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the accomplishments made since its passage from the perspective of cases won by women, and the relationship of equity to the newer affirmative action mandates. (YLB)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Civil Rights Legislation, Court Litigation, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Justice, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Sex Stereotypes, Vocational Education
The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, National Center Publications, Box F, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 (RD214K, $2.35; set of 17 papers, RD214, $30.00; Equity in Vocational Education, RD213, $5.50. Quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Identifiers: Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VII; Equal Rights Amendment
Note: For related documents see CE 031 915-932.